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What is gravel bike? complete guide for beginners

Do you have any doubts about what a gravel bike is? Here are the complete guidelines, features, and design you first need to know before you start riding.
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Team 1stGuide

A gravel bike is a hybrid or regular bike that is popular among first-time riders.You do not need to be a trained bicyclist to ride one.

This bike is suitable for long tours, city rides, exercise, and daily use. If you are not sure which bike to buy? Choose a gravel bike to learn more about cycling.

Cerveleo Spero: A gravel bike for fast performance.
Cerveleo Spero: A gravel bike for fast performance

What is gravel bike?

A gravel bike is the first impression of your ideas about bicycles. It is a versatile bike that beats all the road and off-road. A gravel bike, also known as an adventure bike or an all-road bike, is a versatile and specialized type of bicycle designed for riding on a variety of surfaces, including paved roads, gravel paths, dirt roads, and even some light off-road trails. Gravel biking has gained popularity in recent years as it allows cyclists to explore a wide range of terrain, making it an excellent choice for riders who want to venture beyond traditional road cycling but don’t necessarily need a full-fledged mountain bike.

A complete guide for beginners on gravel bikes

1. Design and Features

Geometry: Gravel bikes typically have a more relaxed geometry compared to road bikes. They offer a more upright riding position for better stability and control on rough terrain.

Tire Clearance: Gravel bikes have wider tire clearance, allowing for larger tires with a knobby tread, which provides better traction on gravel and dirt.

Disc Brakes: Most gravel bikes come with disc brakes for reliable stopping power in all conditions.

2. Key Components

Frame: Gravel bike frames are designed to be durable and comfortable. They often feature vibration-damping technologies.

Wheels: Gravel bike wheels are typically 700c in size, like road bikes, but with wider rims and larger tires.

Gearing: Gravel bikes often have a wide range of gears to handle various terrains. Some have a 1x (single front chainring) drivetrain for simplicity.

Handlebars: Drop bars, similar to road bikes, are common, but flat or flared drop bars are also popular for added control.

3. Terrain and Riding Style

Gravel bikes are designed for a mix of surfaces. You can ride them on paved roads, gravel roads, forest trails, and more. They excel on rough, unpaved paths.

Gravel biking is about exploration and adventure, so be prepared for longer rides and varying terrain.

4. Accessories and Gear

Tires: Choose tires appropriate for the terrain you plan to ride on. Wider tires offer more comfort and stability on gravel.

Bikepacking gear: Gravel bikes are often used for bikepacking adventures, so consider racks, panniers, and frame bags for carrying gear.

Safety gear: Helmets, gloves, and eyewear are essential, especially if you’re riding off-road.

5. Maintenance

There is a thumb rule for all bikes about maintenance. Keep your bike clean, especially after rides in wet or muddy conditions. Regularly check tire pressure, as it can significantly affect ride comfort and traction.

6. Training

Gravel biking involves a mix of endurance, strength, and handling skills. Consider training specifically for this type of riding.

7. Community and Resources

Join gravel riding communities, both online and in your local area, to find routes, events, and like-minded riders.

There are gravel bike events and races (e.g., gravel grinders) you can participate in if you’re interested in competition.

8. Budget

Gravel bikes come in a range of price points. Determine your budget and look for a bike that meets your needs. There are many gravel bikes that are budget-friendly.

9. Test Ride

Before purchasing gravel bikes, take it for a test ride to ensure it’s the right fit for your body and riding style. There are many cyclists who purchase a bike without a test ride, and then their perception of the bike goes wrong.


Gravel biking offers a unique and exciting way to explore the outdoors and enjoy cycling on a variety of terrain. Whether you’re an experienced cyclist looking for a new challenge or a beginner getting into cycling, a gravel bike can be an excellent choice for your cycling adventures.

Gravel bikes are trendy for bike touring around the world. If you are planning to buy a gravel bicycle, a road bike should be your first preference.

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