History & Culture

Guru Purnima: Here is why we celebrate

Guru Purnima has been a significant day of the year in everyone’s life. Everyone's first guru is their parent, and everything else follows.
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Team 1stGuide

Guru Purnima is a sacred and significant festival celebrated in India and other parts of the world, particularly among Hindus, Buddhists, and Jains. It falls on the full moon day (Purnima) in the Hindu month of Ashadha (June-July). The word “Guru” in Sanskrit means “teacher” or “guide,” and “Purnima” refers to the full moon day.

To honor Guru Purnima and abstain from their favorite delicacies, many devotees think about fasting on this fortunate day. Additionally, during the day, messages with greetings for parents, mothers, and coworkers flow. On Guru Purnima, students also send wishes to their professors, teachers, and gurus with the best quotes.

Guru Purnima has been a significant day of the year in everyone’s life. Everyone's first guru is their parent, and everything else follows.
This is why we celebrate Guru Purnima | Photo by Yan Krukau

The celebration of Guru Purnima holds great spiritual and cultural significance.

6 Significance of celebrating Guru Purnima and why it is celebrated

  1. Honoring the Guru
  2. Guru-Shishya Tradition
  3. Spiritual Significance
  4. Seek Blessings and Guidance
  5. Renewing Spiritual Practices
  6. Commemorating Adi Guru Shiva

1. Honoring the Guru: Guru Purnima is a day dedicated to expressing gratitude and reverence to one’s teachers or gurus. It is an occasion for students to pay their respects to their mentors, who have imparted knowledge, wisdom, and guidance, helping them grow in various aspects of life.

2. Guru-Shishya Tradition: In Indian culture, the guru-shishya (teacher-student) relationship is highly revered. On Guru Purnima, disciples acknowledge the role of their gurus in shaping their lives and spiritual growth. It is an opportunity for students to express their appreciation and devotion to their teachers.

3. Spiritual Significance: The festival is also associated with the ancient sage Vyasa, who is considered one of the greatest gurus in Hindu tradition. Vyasa is known for compiling and composing several sacred texts, including the Mahabharata, Vedas, and Puranas. On Guru Purnima, devotees remember and honor him for his significant contributions to spiritual knowledge.

4. Seek Blessings and Guidance: Guru Purnima is believed to be an auspicious day to seek blessings and guidance from one’s guru. Devotees often visit their teachers, ashrams, or spiritual centers to offer their respects and receive their guru’s blessings.

5. Renewing Spiritual Practices: It is also a time for introspection and recommitting to one’s spiritual practices. People may engage in meditation, study scriptures, and perform acts of selfless service (seva) as a way to deepen their spiritual connection.

6. Commemorating Adi Guru Shiva: In some traditions, Guru Purnima is associated with Lord Shiva, who is considered the Adi Guru (the first guru) in Hindu mythology. Shiva is believed to have transmitted his spiritual knowledge to the world on this day.

Overall, Guru Purnima celebrates the significance of teachers and the role they play in guiding individuals towards spiritual growth, knowledge, and self-realization. It is a time for reverence, gratitude, and devotion towards the gurus who have selflessly shared their wisdom and support with their disciples.

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